Epilepsy is a common disease of the nervous system, during which the human brain suffers greatly. The patient at any time may have an unpleasant convulsive attack, also some patients complain about the brain and dementia.
Epilepsy is a chronic disease, which in most cases manifests itself as a result of gene disorders or is inherited. The most well-known symptom of an ailment is a convulsive seizure, which can be in a certain part of the body, and when the whole body is involved in the convulsive process.
The severity of the disease may depend on many factors, including the state of the body's immune system, the environmental situation in the region and the presence of provoking factors in the patient's environment (loud noises, bright light, prolonged absence of sleep).
Methods of elimination of disease
There are several ways of getting rid of this disease, including:
- Medical (conservative treatment);
- unconventional methods of treatment;
- Operative intervention;
- Folk remedies.
Initially, the person turns to the doctor neurologist, who after diagnosis can direct the patient to epilepsy, and can independently engage in treatment.
Completely to get rid of the disease is difficult, and most likely, to speak more precisely not about deliverance, but about disease control, because there is no 100% guarantee for recovery. The disease is insidious and can be manifested repeatedly.
Drug treatment is prescribed only after a detailed examination of the patient and the elimination of brain tumors. As a rule, apply complex treatment with combined preparations.
Patients are assigned anticonvulsants drugs, nootropic medications and neuroleptics. The therapy is supplemented by a number of drugs to improve brain circulation, normalization of the nervous system and vitamins.
The goal of medical treatment is to reduce the duration and frequency of seizures. Treatment is suspended in the event that seizures have not been repeated for four to five years since the onset of drug therapy.
Treatment of epilepsy with drugs.
For the treatment of epilepsy there are about 15 names of medicines. For each patient The medicine is selected individually. If after taking the medication there are side effects: Changes the hormonal background, there is a delay, allergies, complications in the internal organs, the Doctor should choose another medicine. The ideal drug for epilepsy should be effective, well tolerated and not affect the quality of life. In addition, the doctor must take into account the concomitant diseases of the patient and those drugs that he already takes from other diseases, so that the drugs are properly combined with each other. To correctly pick up the means, it is necessary to diagnose accurately. We need to do a magnetic resonance imaging and investigate the encephalogram. The most accurate encephalogram for epilepsy patients is made during sleep. On the basis of these researches the doctor can understand, what medicines to the patient will be suitable precisely, and what will aggravate illness.
Omega-3 reduces the frequency of attacks by 33%
Epilepsy, like other diseases, has been studied and continues to be studied by many researchers. It turned out that if every day to consume omega-3, even in small doses, it will be possible to significantly reduce the number of seizures. The figure is quite impressive and is 33%.
A study was conducted at the University of California in which 24 people with epilepsy participated. It was conducted under the guidance of Professor of the Department of Neurology K. Dijorio.
The essence of the study was to the fact that each person with epilepsy gave the small then, on the contrary, high doses of omega-3. Polyunsaturated fatty acids offered in the form of fish oil. The duration of the study was 10 weeks. The results were as follows: The number of seizures decreased by a third (namely, 33%) During the reception of small doses. And two patients did not experience any attack of the disease during the experiment.
Based on this study, concluded that omega-3 helps to lower the excitability of brain cells, which in turn inhibits seizures.
In order to get enough omega-3, you need to eat sea fish fatty varieties. It is available and known to everyone, it is mackerel and herring, salmon and trout, sardines and tuna. It is also possible to replenish stocks by taking special additives. In addition to reducing the number of seizures of epilepsy, it will contribute to the normalization of the heart, protect it from heart attacks, which is very important for patients with epilepsy.
Today, many people suffer from epilepsy, and this has set a difficult task for medics in the form of 100% cure for the disease. Many developments are underway in this area, but the most effective are the classical methods of treatment – mixtures of medicines, monotherapy (one medication is applied), as well as surgical intervention.
Surgical methods of treatment apply in the event that epilepsy began as a result of craniocerebral trauma, brain tumor or aneurysm.
Surgical Treatment of epilepsy
Surgical intervention is resorted to in particularly severe cases or if there is evidence for the operation of the brain.
It is possible to recover quickly at operative intervention, but it is necessary to understand, that any surgical intervention carries with certain risks both for nervous system, and for an organism as a whole, and when it is about removal of a part of a brain close Patient should understand that there may be more serious consequences than epileptic seizures that begin after surgery.
The intervention in the brain structure comes when there are problems with its functioning (presence of tumors, cysts or hemorrhages), which need to be eliminated to stop seizures.
It is also possible to conduct an operation called Magnetotherapy. The principle of action, the following: The patient implanted under the skin a special device in the place where he can react quickly to the approaching attack and the person independently manages this device. For example, when a patient has an aura of a seizure, he uses the implanted component, which gives special impulses to the brain and prevents the attack. Moreover, this device can work independently, without human intervention.
Treatment of epilepsy by folk remedies phytotherapy is aimed at the removal of excitability of the nervous system and normalization of all processes occurring in the brain. With proper treatment it is possible to reduce the frequency of seizures and their intensity.
- Treatment of epilepsy with herbal powder. Take in equal parts: peony, duckweed, licorice. In order to get the powder, you can use a coffee grinder or, for example, a small mortar. One dose for admission will be half a teaspoon. You should also add a diphenyl pill. Take this remedy for epilepsy three times a day. The course of treatment is 14 days, after which you need to take a break for a week and repeat the course. All you need to pass 3 courses, a significant improvement should be already by the end of the first year;
- Marin root for the treatment of epilepsy. In folk medicine, the root is used in epilepsy, neurasthenia, paralysis and other neurological diseases. Alcohol tincture of petals (3 table spoons on a floor of a liter of vodka, insist 20-30 days) take on a teaspoon 2-3 times a day;
- The smell of myrrh in epilepsy. You just need for a month and a half to make sure that in the room of the person who is ill with epilepsy, the smell of myrrh was constantly present. You can ask for this fragrant resin in the church. Take a couple of pieces of myrrh, set fire in the bowl and before bedtime the patient to wave her smell all over the room. This method has long been known, so treated epilepsy priests in antiquity. The smell of myrrh will help not only in epilepsy, but also in chronic fatigue, insomnia and neuroses.
Wormwood. This is a beautiful plant that will help to cope with attacks. For preparation of broth it is necessary to fill three tablespoons of a dry or green plant with a liter of boiling water and to cook a mixture on low heat. Then remove the broth from the fire, cover tightly and let it stand until it cools completely. Drink half a cup twice a day before eating.
In addition to treatment procedures, which are used in therapy, prevention of disease and healthy lifestyle plays an important role in the healing process. It is not enough to live a life, controlling illness, it is necessary to live it without appreciable consequences and it is desirable without harbomen of attacks and seizures.
Some recommendations should be followed, including:
- Healthy sleep, proper nutrition and moderate physical activity;
- Complete absence of stressful situations both at work, and in a life (stress provokes an attack);
- If possible, eliminate loud noises and the impact of sudden glare as much as possible (loud noises and bright light are the main provoking factors);
- The food must be balanced.
Epilepsy is not a verdict. Despite the fact that it is possible to recover completely a little, modern medicine has learnt to fight with this disease. Complex treatment significantly reduces the intensity and frequency of attacks that prevent normal living.
Surgical treatment of epilepsy-if there is no exit
Epilepsy is a neurological disease of the brain. It is considered one of the heaviest and most common diseases in neuralgia. The manifestations of epilepsy are visible from an early age. Spontaneous and short-term convulsions, seizures, loss of consciousness can be followed with a person all his life. In this article we describe such a complex and at the same time effective method as surgical treatment of epilepsy.
Neurologists share the disease on the primary and secondary form of epilepsy, with primary epilepsy being congenital, signs of disease are visible immediately in children and adolescents, causing a secondary type of epileptic seizures, is trauma, or after a violation Metabolic process in it (a failure in metabolic processes can be provoked by a number of diseases: swelling, stroke, infectious diseases, narcotic and alcohol addiction).
The disease is not new, in ancient Egypt there are descriptions of epilepsy. Widely spread in the world and sad statistics that epilepsy affects about one person from 100, in different countries even began to give the name of the disease.
In the case that for the treatment of epileptic seizures doctors cannot pick up drugs that would control a recurring attack, the exit is-surgical treatment.
- When you can't do without an operation
- Lodectomy-resection of the temporal lobe
- Removal of pathological education
- Callosotomy-the dissection of the calloused body
- Callosotomy-the dissection of the calloused body
- Stimulation of the wandering nerve
- Sub-saw Dissection
- Implantation of Neurostimulator
- Post-operative recovery
When to do the operation
The main purpose of surgical intervention is to reduce the frequency of occurrence attacks. Surgery epileptic seizures-the last hope, but always effective. This is a complex neurosurgical operation on the patient's brain. Before the consultation of physicians makes a decision to localize the center of epileptic disease surgically, the patient undergoes a complete and thorough pre-operative examination.
The following are the reasons for surgical intervention:
The main method of treatment-medication therapy does not give a positive effect. Pharmacotherapy worsens the patient's condition.
Drug treatment is effective, but the patient has side effects on the drug or on the components of a group of drugs.
Seizures of epileptic seizures are diagnosed only in certain segments of the brain. Additional research allows you to determine which limited areas provoke seizures. In the operation, such areas of the brain are removed.
Seizures are atonic character, sudden fall without cramps.
The patient is defined secondary generalization of partial attacks, and the patient always loses consciousness, or partial seizures with aura-before the attack the patient remains conscious.
As practice shows only 20% of patients diagnosed with "epilepsy" for medical reasons undergo surgical treatment.
As practice shows only 20% of patients diagnosed with "epilepsy" for medical reasons undergo surgical treatment.
Contraindications to the appointment of surgical intervention are severe concomitant diseases (eg, oncological and cardiovascular diseases).
Important. Epilepsy is not treated surgically if the patient has generalized seizures accompanied by a primary loss of consciousness.
Removal of pathological education
Is based on the removal of the defeated isolated areas of the brain, the occurrence of which is caused by trauma or pathology.
The patient is in the intensive care unit for the first 24 hours, and subsequent postoperative observation takes place in the Neurosurgical department.
In most cases, the symptoms of the disease disappear after the levionectomy. The patient is discharged from the hospital on the sixth postoperative day.
Callosotomy-dissection of the calloused body
The operation prevents the spread of electrical pathological impulses from one cerebral hemisphere to another. In the process of callosotomy operations partially or completely break the nerve connections between the two hemispheres.
This method of surgical intervention prevents the spread of epileptogenic tumors and reduces the intensity of attacks.
The indication for the operation is a severe uncontrolled form of attacks, accompanied by strong convulsions, which result in falling and traumatizing.
Hemispherectomy is a radical method of surgical intervention, which results in the removal of the brain hemisphere. Indications for such an operation-a severe form of epilepsy (Rasmussen encephalitis). This form of disease is characterized by the occurrence of dozens or more bouts per day (epstatus).
After both hemispheres are detached from each other, significant anatomical parts can be left behind.
The operation is prescribed to children under 13 years of age, in case one of the hemispheres of the patient functions abnormally. It is at this age that the chances of full recovery are high. A sick man's home is discharged 10 days later.
Stimulation of the wandering nerve
The operation is appointed when the patient has numerous pockets of epilepsy, thrown across the entire cerebral cortex. In the course of surgical intervention, doctors inject an electronic device into the skin that stimulates the wandering nerve.
Implantation of the stimulator connected with the wandering nerve controls and in some cases prevents the occurrence of attacks. Brain activity and main internal organs are also monitored.
50% of operations help to reduce convulsive activity and to weaken seizures.
Subpial dissection-removal of epileptogenic foci that are in the brain. The foci are located in the motor zone or in the speech center of the brain, so it is almost impossible to remove them without neurological damage.
Then the decision is made to carry out subpial dissection. A neurosurgeon on the tissues around the hearth spends a lot of small transections.
Notches prevent the distribution of epileptic activity to other areas in the cerebral cortex. It is important that the functioning of the brain is not disturbed. On the fifth day of the patient can prescribe.
Implantation of Neurostimulator
The operation is to implant under the scalp of a neurostimulator connected to two electrodes. Neurostimulator have directly in the part of the brain that promotes convulsive activity. The device captures the electrical activity of the brain and perform stimulation in these areas. Due to the implanted neurostimulator, brain activity is normalized earlier than the seizure develops. All methods of surgical intervention are carried out in adults as well as in children.
After surgical intervention, the patient is supervised by the attending physician, who follows:
- Neuropsychological development;
- Neurological deficit;
- Quality of life of the patient;
- Psychological adaptation of the patient.
The complex control is the key to a successful recovery and a barrier to relapse.
As for the patient himself, he must:
To observe the sensitive moments (to take medications correctly);
- Rest more often, sleep should be full-fledged;
- Eliminate overexertion, stress;
- Abandon bad habits.